It usually takes about two to two and a half hours for a body to be cremated. It also depends on factors like the weight of the body and the operating temperature in the cremation chamber.
After the body has been reduced to the cremated body, the remains are collected in a tray and allowed to cool for a while. Finally, they are reduced to a finer consistency by the pulverization process. This process, however, does not take too long.
Embalming is not necessary for direct cremation. However, you may opt for embalming to preserve the body temporarily for funeral purposes. It helps sanitize the body and delay natural tissue decomposition to allow time for public viewing. Embalming, though, maybe required in case the body is to be transported by air or rail.
Cremation remains are pasty white in color. Contrary to the popular misconception, after the body is incinerated, it does not turn into black ash. Instead, there remains a mixture of dust and fragments of bones which is further processed into a fine powder after removing metal debris such as screws, nails, dental gold, titanium limbs, etc.
It is not necessary to have a casket, especially in a direct cremation service. Caskets are used just to provide a dignified way to move the body before the cremation. They are not meant for preserving the body indefinitely. Nevertheless, you are required to place the body in a rigid container (preferably, prepared from a combustible material) for direct cremation.
Yes, you may rent a casket through a funeral home for the purpose of visitation and funeral and then, transfer the body in an alternative container provided by the cremation provider for the process of cremation. Some rented caskets come with inner containers (even cardboard coffins) in which only these inner containers are cremated.
Yes, cremations should be performed individually, that is, only one body should be cremated at a time.
Are Traditional Burials Costlier Than Cremations?
Burials are usually considered more expensive than cremations because of the shortage of burial space.
Cremation remains are not toxic and do not present any health hazard. In fact, human ashes are considered as a sanitary natural substance. You can dispose of them by burying the ashes, scattering them on the ground (or from the air), or floating them in water.
You can scatter the ashes on private property if the owner gives his or her permission.
Buddhists, Hindus, Sikhs, Parsees, and all Christian denominations allow cremations. Most religions permit you to choose and some religions, in fact, prefer cremations as it is one of the oldest forms of a religious disposition. This method, however, is forbidden in Orthodox Judaism, Eastern Orthodox Church, and Islam.
Families may ask to witness the cremation due to religious or spiritual reasons. Moreover, it gives them the opportunity to pray for the deceased and pay their respects. Watching a cremation also gives them an assurance that their loved one’s body was handled properly. Thus, most crematories provide a witnessing service.
Cremations are performed at crematoriums in special units known as retorts or cremation chambers that are designed to handle temperatures up to 2000 degrees Fahrenheit.